Matthew 9:18-26 Follow Up June 26, 2018
This Sunday, we looked at the account of Jesus restoring the life of a girl while at the same time healing a woman with a 12-year-long discharge of blood. Here’s the story (Matt 9:18-26):
While he was saying these things to them, behold, a ruler came in and knelt before him, saying, “My daughter has just died, but come and lay your hand on her, and she will live.” And Jesus rose and followed him, with his disciples. And behold, a woman who had suffered from a discharge of blood for twelve years came up behind him and touched the fringe of his garment, for she said to herself, “If I only touch his garment, I will be made well.” Jesus turned, and seeing her he said, “Take heart, daughter; your faith has made you well.” And instantly the woman was made well. And when Jesus came to the ruler’s house and saw the flute players and the crowd making a commotion, he said, “Go away, for the girl is not dead but sleeping.” And they laughed at him. But when the crowd had been put outside, he went in and took her by the hand, and the girl arose. And the report of this went through all that district.
From the parallel accounts in Mark 5:21-43 and Luke 8:40-56, we also learn:
- The ruler is an overseer of a local synagogue, specifically.
- The ruler’s name is Jairus.
- When Jairus first approaches Jesus, his daughter is not yet deceased (more on this textual dilemma below).
- When Jairus first approaches Jesus, he doesn’t just kneel before him, he throws himself at his feet.
- Jairus’s daughter was his only daughter.
- Jairus’s daughter was 12 years old.
- The woman with the 12-year issue of blood spent all she had on local physicians, but only got worse.
- The woman with the 12-year issue of blood has heard the reports about Jesus.
- After the woman touched Jesus for healing, Jesus turned around and asked, “Who touched me?”
- Just as Jesus healed the woman, a messenger from Jairus’s home arrived to inform them of his daughter’s death.
- When Jesus finally arrives at Jairus’s home, only Peter, James, John, and the girl’s parents enter to witness the miracle.
- As Jesus takes the deceased girl’s hand, he says to her, “Talitha cumi,” which literally means, “Little girl, I say to you, arise.”
Some Background Information
To better understand the story, it’s also good to know:
- Based on Leviticus 15:19-30 (Old Testament laws about bodily discharges), women were considered unclean both during normal menstruation cycles and during extended blood discharges outside normal menstruation cycles.
- While unclean, anyone a woman touched would also become unclean.
- Furthermore, anything a woman laid on or sat on would also become unclean, and if anyone touched these things, they would become unclean, too.
- Professional mourners were customarily hired to assist at funerals, usually including flutists and wailing women.
- Based on Numbers 19:11-21, touching a corpse also rendered a person unclean.
- While the Greek word talitha literally means “little girl,” it’s cultural usage was one of endearment, as in our usage of “sweetie” or “honey.”
- Under Jewish tradition, girls who were 12 years plus one day in age were considered to have entered womanhood.
The Textual Dilemma
As mentioned during the sermon, a textual dilemma exists between the record in Matthew and the records in Mark and Luke. Specifically, Matthew records Jairus as saying to Jesus, “My daughter has just died” (Matt 9:18, emphasis mine). However, Mark and Luke both record that the girl was dying (Mk 5:23; Lk 8:42), not already dead.
Hendriksen suggests Jairus’s words in Matthew may have been a modified request after the messenger arrives to inform of his daughter’s death, after Jesus healed the woman with the issue of blood. He writes: “According to Mark and Luke, Jairus had first asked Jesus to heal the child; then, when informed about her death… he now renews his request in modified form, namely, that Jesus may lay his hand upon the dead girl, adding, ‘and she will live'” (William Hendriksen, Exposition of the Gospel According to Matthew, vol. 1 of New Testament Commentary [Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1973], 430).
Calvin agrees: “But Matthew, as we have said, studies brevity, and puts down at the very beginning of his narrative what took place at various times. The manner in which the history must be arranged is this: Jairus first requested that his daughter might be cured of her disease, and afterwards that she might be restored from death to life” (John Calvin, Commentary on a Harmony of the Evangelists, Matthew, Mark, and Luke, vol. 16 of Calvin’s Commentaries [Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2005], 410).
Broadus follows suit: “Mark and Luke inform us that while Jesus was on his way to the ruler’s house, and after the healing of the woman, messengers came meeting him to tell the ruler that his daughter was now dead; and that Jesus told him not to fear, etc. Matthew makes no mention of this message, and we conclude that designing a very brief account, he has condensed the incidents so as to present at the outset what was actually true before Jesus reached the house” (John A. Broadus, Commentary on Matthew [Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1990], 204).
The overwhelming consensus is that Matthew presents a brief overview of the happenings, while Mark and Luke present a more detailed account. Therefore, what seems to be a contradiction is not.
What We Learned
We saw a story that involved faith, relationship (we noted the emphasis of the term “daughter”), and the touching of the unclean (a corpse and a woman with a discharge of blood). In this, we saw a compassionate Jesus who did not contract uncleanness, but instead cleansed, renewed, and restored, thus providing a picture of salvation and adoption into the family of God by faith. As Wilson suggests: “The narrative here is a micro-picture of the bigger story” (Jared C. Wilson, The Wonder Working God: Seeing the Glory of Jesus in His Miracles [Wheaton: Crossway, 2014], 87).
But in this micro-picture of the bigger story, we learned of three things Jesus values in his relationship with those who approach him in faith; namely, in the prayer life of people of faith:
1. Humility (v. 18):
We noted the fact that Jairus—a highly respected overseer of a synagogue—threw himself at the feet of Jesus as he pleaded for his daughter. The point: he approached Jesus in all humility. No self-righteousness. No pride, not even in his position. Only humble action. Why? Because faith understands our positions, our education, our accomplishments, our salaries, our careers, our prominence (or lack thereof), etc., don’t bring us to Christ. Faith also understands these things don’t save us, either. And so we’re encouraged to draw near to Jesus with prayerful humility, knowing we find grace at his throne (Prov 3:34; Heb 4:16).
2. Confession (vv. 19-22):
We also noted how Jesus did not allow the woman to leave quietly. Instead, she was drawn to publicly confess her 12-year state of uncleanness. Since physical uncleanness has pointed to spiritual uncleanness (sin) throughout the Scriptures, and since Jesus welcomes her as a “daughter,” we concluded: it’s pretty hard to have an intimate relationship without being fully known. And so the entire interaction encourages us—as well—to approach Christ with prayerful confession (Matt 6:12; 1 Pet 1:9).
3. Patience in Delay (vv. 23-26):
The story ends with Jesus finally arriving to Jairus’s home to restore his daughter’s life, foreshadowing his own death, burial, and resurrection. But we noted how Jesus was delayed by the woman with the issue of blood before finally restoring the girl’s life, And so we learned: faith remains faithful, even in God’s delay. Patience, however, is not a guarantee God will drive sickness and death away. Nevertheless, we can remain prayerfully patient, knowing prayer avails much (James 5:16). And we can trust: just as Jesus says “Sweetie” to the girl, he looks upon us with loving endearment as he continues to work to make all things new. In the meantime, faith reminds us to remain prayerfully patient and faithful to the Lord.
For Further Discussion and/or Meditation
Click here to download a PDF copy of Sunday’s insert with the order of service: Matt. 9.18-26 Insert. You’ll find Questions for personal meditation and/or for dialogue in your growth group.
With love in Christ,
Matthew 9:1-8 Follow Up June 19, 2018
This week, we saw Jesus prove his authority to forgive sins. Check out the story once more:
And getting into a boat he crossed over and came to his own city. And behold, some people brought to him a paralytic, lying on a bed. And when Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, “Take heart, my son; your sins are forgiven.” And behold, some of the scribes said to themselves, “This man is blaspheming.” But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, “Why do you think evil in your hearts? For which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Rise and walk’? But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”—he then said to the paralytic—“Rise, pick up your bed and go home.” And he rose and went home. When the crowds saw it, they were afraid, and they glorified God, who had given such authority to men. (Matthew 9:1-8)
Certainly, the story primarily highlights the divine authority Jesus possesses to forgive sins. But together with the additional details shared in Mark 2:1-12 and Luke 5:17-26, we learned three additional truths from within the story:
1. Interruptions to us are not interruptions to Jesus:
Mark 2:4 and Luke 5:19 both tell us that the paralytic was lowered through the roof of the house Jesus was located in. But we also made note of what Jesus was doing as the paralytic was lowered through the roof: he was teaching (Mark 2:2; Luke 5:17). This would have been a major interruption to the preaching and teaching of Jesus at that moment, yet Jesus responded with compassion and grace. It helps us understand we, too, need to be okay with interruptions. More importantly, we also need to learn to use interruptions as opportunities to reflect and teach the gospel of Jesus Christ to whomever is interrupting us.
2. Genuine faith persists toward Jesus:
In all three accounts, Jesus notices the faith of the men who interrupt his teaching (Matthew 9:2; Mark 2:5; Luke 5:20). In our time together on Sunday, we also noticed how their faith persisted to Jesus, despite the crowd blocking access to him. So persistent was their faith, that they climbed the house’s exterior stairwell in order to create an opening through the roof and lower the paralyzed friend to Jesus. And we learned: we, too, must persist over our own obstacles to Jesus—we must continue looking to him, setting aside the sin and weighty obstacles that keep us from him.
3. A godly community carries the mats of others:
One of the most beautiful aspects of the story is the glimpse we get into the love displayed by four friends: the carrying of a fifth powerless friend all the way to the all-powerful one (Matthew 9:2; Mark 2:3; Luke 5:18). It’s a glimpse that encourages us to ask the question, “Whose mat are we carrying?” Inevitably, someone in our lives is paralyzed in their own sin and needs more than anything else the forgiving power of Christ. So, whose mat are you carrying? Think of the neighbors, friends, coworkers, and family members who need Christ and ask yourself, “How can I help carry this person to Jesus?”
The “Stage 3” scream everyone wants to know about:
During the sermon, I mentioned the three stages of a child’s screams. Stage 1: When a child’s toy is taken away by a sibling. Stage 2: When a child is pushed, shoved, or hit by its sibling. Stage 3: When a child gets hurt really, really bad. Parents know that “Stage 3” cry all too well. It usually involves some sort of accident. Take, for instance, a time in my own life while I was playing with childhood friends in my neighborhood. My parents had purchased a new construction home in the early phases of the community being built. This meant a lot of homes were still being constructed after we had moved in. For us as elementary-aged children, this also meant we were able to grab unused brick roof tiles from the ground to see which one of us could throw them the furthest down a canyon. Right in the middle of our contest, one of those roof tiles hit me right on the top of my head, causing a very bloody head wound. Enter “Stage 3” cry!
Thankfully, my young friends were wise enough to help me back to my mom. They understood I couldn’t fix my bloody head on my own. They also understood they couldn’t fix the gash in my skull either! So they took me to the person who was able to help me at that moment: my mom.
It helps us understand something the four friends from our story understood: their friend needed help outside of themselves. And they knew exactly who to take their friend to. My dear church: as we go about our day-to-day lives this week, let’s remember we’re powerless to stand on our own. We all need Jesus. In our need for Jesus, therefore, let’s remember to be okay with interruptions in life, to persist over our own obstacles to him, and to help carry others to him. You can review the sermon and download the sermon note sheet here (includes follow up discussion questions for your small group).
May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that by the power of the Holy Spirit you may abound in hope. (Rom. 15:13)
Grace and peace in Christ,
Pastor Marttell Sanchez
Matthew 8.1-4 Follow Up May 14, 2018
On Sunday we began our new series examining the miracles of Jesus Christ. We started this week by looking at Jesus’ healing of the leper in Matthew 8.1-4. Jesus’ miracles were not just random acts of kindness, or impressive acts meant to shock the crowds. Jesus’ miracles were signs that were meant to teach us about the King, Jesus Christ, and His Kingdom. The miracles point us to Jesus. As we looked at Jesus’ healing of the leper we learned three key truths about Jesus and His work.
1. Jesus Receives the Unclean. Leprosy in the Bible was not just a horrible physical disease, but also made a person “unclean.” They were kept outside of the social and religious institutions of the day. In the Bible leprosy is often a picture of man’s sinfulness, even in the Old Testament (Hag. 2.11-14; Is. 1.6). As people, we are not just sinful because of the sins we do, but we are sinners by nature. We are unclean as well. Yet, we see that Jesus received this unclean man. He allowed this man to approach him. Jesus came to save sinners.
2. Jesus Touches the Unclean. Prophets had healed lepers before in the Old Testament, but nobody incorporated touching the lepers. In the Old Testament Law touching a leper invited unclean status upon oneself as well. Yet, Jesus reached out and touched this man. Jesus was not made unclean, but rather cleansed the leper. Jesus heals our uncleanness, not by standing apart from us, but by entering into our sinful world, taking our sins upon Himself, and dying for us. Jesus touches the unclean.
3. Jesus is Able and Willing to Heal the Unclean. When the leper came to Jesus he was confident that the Lord was able to heal him, but he wasn’t sure if Jesus was willing. Jesus told the man He was willing to heal him. Jesus is not only able to save, but willing to save. Nobody who comes to Jesus in genuine faith ever needs to worry that Jesus is not willing to save His people. Sometimes, however, we know that Jesus is willing and able to save, but we struggle with liking this fact. Do we really want Jesus to save our enemies? Are we sometimes like Jonah in the Old Testament who knew God was able and willing to save Nineveh, but was upset by this truth?
Jesus’ healing of the leper confronts us with a gracious, loving, powerful, and willing Savior. Praise be to God!
Here is the order of service from Sunday and some discussion questions: Matt. 8.1-4 Notes.
-Pastor Nathan Hogan
1 Corinthians 16.1-24 Follow Up May 7, 2018
On Sunday we finished up our series on the book of 1 Corinthians. What a joy it was to study this book together as a church! We tried to summarize Paul’s encouragement to the Corinthians by looking at 1 Cor. 16.1-24. In these verses Paul gives a brief summarizing exhortation surrounded by encouraging greetings that enable us to fulfill the commandments Paul gives us.
1. Summarizing Commands. In vv. 13-14 Paul calls us to be watchful, courageous and to do all things with love. To be watchful is to be careful, diligent, and persistent in our walk with the Lord. We are called to be on guard against temptation in all the seasons of life. We need to be watchful and have courage because we, like the Corinthians, live in a world that is filled with temptation and foolishness. God calls us to his wisdom, and it takes courage to seek to please God above all else. It is important to note, however, that the call to be courageous is by no means a call to be angry and harsh. Paul wants us to do all things in love. It takes courage to stand for biblical truth which includes loving our enemies and serving one another.
2. Encouraging Greetings. Paul surrounds these last exhortations with a vast array of greetings from fellow Christians. Paul wants the Corinthians to know that while they are called to be watchful, courageous, and loving; they are not called to do this alone. The Corinthians have the local church in Corinth, godly leaders who live in their midst, other churches in Asia and Ephesus, and even other church leaders like Paul, Apollos, and Timothy. The Corinthians are connected and dependent on all of these as part of the Body of Christ. Paul then ends his letter with a reminder about God’s grace. In order to be watchful we must be dependent upon the Lord’s grace.
Even though Paul has given many commands in the book of 1 Corinthians, this last chapter really summarizes what we can take away from the book. May we all be watchful, courageous, and loving as we walk together with one another in dependence on God’s grace.
Here are the discussion questions and order of service from Sunday: 1 Cor. 16.1-24 Notes.
-Pastor Nathan Hogan