2 Corinthians 4:1-6 Follow Up November 19, 2018

As Christians we are all called to minister to one another, but ministry can be filled with many sources of discouragement along the way. In 2 Corinthians 4:1-6 Paul gives us 3 ways in which he did not lose heart in his ministry.

1. Love the Ministry.

Verses 1-2 tell us that Paul did not lose heart in the ministry because he had been entrusted with the ministry of the Gospel. Paul did not engage in Gospel ministry with ulterior motives. He was not motivated by having his ego boosted, or money, or controversy, or political power. Paul loved the Gospel, and loved the ministry itself. Often we lose heart in the ministry because we don’t really love the ministry.

2. Expect Rejection.

In verses 3-4 Paul tells us it that he knows that people are blinded to the Gospel by the god of this world (Satan). We can be faithful, loving, gracious, and winsome as we minister to others, and we will still face rejection because people are blinded in their hearts. We do not need to lose heart or second guess the message of the Gospel just because we face rejection.

3. Trust in the Light.

In verses 5-6 Paul reminds us that even though people’s hearts are dark, God creates light. The same God who said, “Let there be light,” in creation shines light into the dark and unbelieving hearts of people. Only the Lord can do this, so we are freed to simply minister to others with faith and trust in God’s creative ability.

May we take this passage to heart as we seek to persevere in the ministry which God has given us. Here are the discussion questions from Sunday’s sermon: 2 Cor. 4.1-6 Notes.


-Pastor Nathan Hogan

2 Corinthians 3:12-18 Follow Up November 12, 2018

In 2 Corinthians 3:12-18 Paul talks about our spiritual transformation as Christians. This is the process where we are made to be more and more like Christ throughout our lives. In verse 18 of our text Paul describes this process as us being transformed from one degree of glory to the next. In Sunday’s sermon we asked and answered 3 questions about spiritual transformation.

1. Why do we grow?

The short answer to this question is: we grow because the Holy Spirit indwells us as Christians and we have turned to the Lord. The Lord has saved us to make us holy. Paul makes this point by reminding us of the fact that Israel has a veil over their hearts and minds. They read the Bible, but do not see Jesus Christ or their need for a Savior. All are in this state apart from the regenerating work of the Holy Spirit. As Christians, however, this veil has been removed. We have turned to Jesus and believed in Him. This means that we now grow to be more like Jesus Christ.

2. Who grows?

The short answer to this question is: we all grow. In verse 18 Paul makes it clear that Christians all grow to be more like Christ. There are no exceptions to this. We are not saved because we grow, but our salvation necessarily results in our growth. This does not mean that we all grow at the same pace, or that we don’t stumble along the way. This does mean that we should all desire to grow in the glory God has for us. We should hunger and thirst for righteousness.

3. How do we grow?

The short answer to this questions is: by beholding Jesus Christ. In verse 18 Paul says we grow as we behold Jesus. We become what we behold. We imitate what we worship. The more we behold Jesus Christ in adoration and worship, the more we become like Him. Whenever we behold Jesus Christ in the Scriptures and in worship with faith, we are made to be more like Him. May we strive to behold Jesus Christ more and more!

Here are the discussion questions from Sunday’s sermon:  2 Cor. 3.12-18 Notes.


-Pastor Nathan Hogan

2 Corinthians 3:7-11 Follow Up October 31, 2018

In 2 Corinthians 3:7-11, Paul reminds the church in Corinth of how much more glorious the New Covenant is than the Old Covenant (the Law), and he does so with a threefold comparison between the two. It is interesting to note that while the Christians in Corinth struggled with a lot of things, it seems that Judaizing the faith was not one of their struggles. After all, they were primarily Gentile believers. Yet, even though the Corinthian church did not struggle with going back to the Law, Paul still made it a point to remind them of how much more glorious the gospel is over the Law. So we realized: Just as the Corinthians, we also need the gospel as we struggle against sin and temptation—particularly, as we fight against the influence of the world. So, as Paul argued for the surpassing glory of the New Covenant over the Old, we learned of three things to remember about the New Covenant as we fight against worldliness and as we aim to live lives that are pleasing before God’s sight:

1. The New Covenant Gives Life

In verses 7-8, Paul describes the Old Covenant as a ministry of death and the New Covenant as a ministry of the Spirit (who gives life; see verse 6). By doing so, he reminds his readers that the Law reveals the death our sin earns (Romans 6:23), because we could never keep the Law. The New Covenant, on the other hand, promises intimate, relational knowledge of the Lord and the forgiveness of sins (Jeremiah 31:34), glorious promises that are fulfilled in Christ, the innocent one who died that we—the guilty—might receive everlasting life. In Ephesians 2:1-5, Paul describes this ministry of the Spirit as one that brings us from death to life. What a glorious truth to remember! Especially as we, like the Corinthians, fight against the influence of the world in our own hearts. My dear church: Do you want to live in a way the honors our Lord? Remember that the Holy Spirit—through the promises of the New Covenant—brings everlasting life! In Christ, your sinful transgressions are already acquitted. This means you already have Spirit-generated and Spirit-empowered life, so live as if you’re already forgiven, because you are. And live as if you already have intimate, relational knowledge of the Lord, because you do. In short, live a life in submission to the Spirit, who empowers you to the holy living meant to be experienced by the rebirth and regeneration that only the Spirit of God gives.

2. The New Covenant Gives Righteousness

In verse 9, Paul describes the Old Covenant as a ministry of condemnation and the New Covenant as a ministry of righteousness. By doing so, he reminds his readers that the Law reveals the verdict of condemnation against us because of our own lawlessness. Being sinners by nature and by choice, we cannot keep the Law, and so we stand condemned, short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23). The New Covenant, on the other hand, promises the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit and a new, God-honoring heart (Jeremiah 31:33 ; Ezekiel 11:19-20), glorious promises that are—again—fulfilled in Christ, the one who perfectly kept the Law for us because we never could; the one who gives his righteousness to us (Romans 1:17; 3:21-22). Once again, what a glorious truth to remember as we fight against worldliness! Do you want to live in a God-glorifying way? Remember that the righteousness of Christ has been imputed to you. Remember that the Spirit of God lives within you. Remember that you have a new heart, that you might obey the Lord. So once again, live as if you have the righteousness of Christ, because you do. Live as if the Spirit has made his dwelling within you, because he has. Live as if you have a new heart, because you do. In short, live in submission to the Spirit, who has already given you everything you need to walk in righteousness.

3. The New Covenant is Permanent

In verse 11, Paul describes the Old Covenant as being brought to an end and the New Covenant as being permanent. By doing so, he reminds his readers that the Law has become obsolete (Hebrews 8:13), all because the New has superseded it with its eternal nature. In fact, under the New Covenant, God has promised, “I will be their God, and they shall be my people” (Jeremiah 31:33; Ezekiel 11:20), a promise which has an unending nature to it; a promise that—once more—is fulfilled in Christ, who is preparing our eternal dwelling place (John 14:1-3), that we might enjoy him forever (Revelation 21:3). Once more, what an infinitely glorious truth to remember as we fight against worldly living! Lake Murray: Do you want to honor the Lord with your redeemed life? Remember that the good news of the New Covenant being fulfilled in Christ comes with everlasting promises! These promises will never end. These promises are secured in Christ. These promises will go on forever, even into the age to come. So once more, live as if you belong to Jesus forever, because you do. In short, live in submission to the spiritual presence of God, who has graciously promised to be your God, forever.

For at least these three reasons, Paul reminds us that the New is so much better and so much more glorious than the Old (verse 10). Let’s remember these glorious truths as we aim to live in total Christlikeness in this world, even though we are not of the world (John 17:14).

And for small group discussion, here is a PDF copy of Sunday’s order of worship/sermon note sheet with follow up questions to the sermon: 2 Cor. 3.7-11 Insert. “Now may the God of peace who brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, the great shepherd of the sheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant, equip you with everything good that you may do his will, working in us that which is pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen” (Hebrews 13:20-21).

-Pastor Marttell Sánchez

2 Corinthians 3:1-6 Follow Up October 22, 2018

In 2 Corinthians 3:1-6 it appears that some in the Corinthian church were asking Paul for a letter of recommendation in order to bolster his credentials. Paul told the Corinthians that they were his letter of recommendation since Paul founded the church in Corinth. They were the fruit of his ministry. As Paul defended his ministry in this way we can see 2 things about all ministry that we can apply to how we serve others.

1. The Fruit of Ministry

In verses 1-3 Paul described the Corinthians as a letter of recommendation. Their existence as a church was the fruit/proof of Paul’s ministry. The fruit of Paul’s ministry was people. While our ministries will never look the same as Paul’s, we too are called to minister or serve others in order to help them grow to be more like Jesus Christ. The fruit of our ministry should be people as well. Are we seeking to be used by God to make people more like Jesus?

2. The Foundation of Ministry

In verses 4-6 Paul said that the foundation or source of his ministry was the Lord’s power, not Paul’s. Paul was not sufficient for such things, but the Lord is. We can rob God of glory in ministry in one of two ways: 1) by refusing to be involved in ministry at all; 2) by being involved in ministry and then taking credit for ourselves. We are called to boldly minister to others in reliance upon the Lord. How do we minister to others while relying upon the Lord? We pray! Prayer is the fundamental way in which we rely upon the Lord’s resources and not our own. A ministry that lacks in prayer is a ministry that seeks to be accomplished without the Lord’s resources. May we all minister to one another in the power of the Holy Spirit within us!

Here are the discussion questions from Sunday: 2 Cor. 3.1-6 Notes.


-Pastor Nathan Hogan

2 Corinthians 2:12-17 Follow Up October 8, 2018

In 2 Corinthians 2:12-17 Paul uses 2 metaphors to describe his evangelism: 1) a military metaphor; 2) an olfactory metaphor. As we looked at these metaphors we asked 2 questions of ourselves about our personal evangelism:

1. Are we willing to be humbled?

Evangelism is humbling. It feels awkward, embarrassing, and scary. We often feel this way because we are prideful. Paul compares his evangelistic ministry to a victory parade led by a victorious general. In this parade, however, Paul is not the great victor, but the conquered subject being led through the streets. What a humbling metaphor for evangelism! We should not be surprised that our evangelism will be humbling. We may be mocked or rejected, but this is the humbling nature of evangelism.

2. Are we willing to speak?

Paul also uses the analogy of scent to describe his evangelistic ministry. He is the aroma of Christ to God. This aroma smells like life to some, but death to others. In verse 17 Paul makes it clear that to be an aroma of Christ means we are speaking about Christ. The aroma is the message of the Gospel. Often we want to evangelize without ever speaking, but Paul calls us to be willing to speak about the Gospel to others. This is scary and daunting, but we are to remember that we are not sufficient for this task, but the God we serve, who works through us, is sufficient!

May we be bold, gracious, and humble in sharing the Good News of Jesus Christ with others. Here are some discussion questions for your week: 2 Cor. 2.12-17 Notes.


-Pastor Nathan Hogan